Characteristics Of Nickel
Nickel finds its usage in variousindustries such as engineering, electrical and electronics, infrastructure,automobile and automobile components, packaging, Batteries etc.
Among base metals Nickel is themost volatile owing to its strong demand and tight supply.
Nickel demand is derived demandbased on the growth of different industrial sector thus exhibits highvolatility.
About 65 per cent of nickel isused in manufacture of stainless steels, and 20 per cent in other steel andnon-ferrous including "super" alloys, often for highly specializedindustrial, aerospace and military applications.
Characteristics of World Nickel Market
Nickel world market ischaracterized by rising demand and constrained supply.
More than 54% if world totalsupply comes from only five companies.
Global nickel consumption isgrowing by an average 3.1 per cent a year.
Supply and Demand
Major producers of Nickel areRussia, followed by Australia, Canada, New Caledonia and Indonesia, whichrepresents over 65% of total world production.
World primary nickel consumptionis about 1 million tons. Consumption centers are Japan 2 lakh tons and EuropeanUnion 3.74 lakh tons.
Rapid expansion of globalstainless steel production is fuelling demand for primary nickel.
Important World Nickel Markets
London Metal Exchange.
Indian Nickel Market
Nickel market in India is oftotal import dependent.
India imports around 30,000 tonsof Nickel.
Import duty on Nickel is 15%.
With growth in the stainlesssteel sector Nickel import demand is expected to increase in the coming years.
India in World Nickel Industry
India meets its NickelRequirement through import.
Frequency Distribution of Nickelat LME
Percentage Change > 5 2- 5 % 2 %
Percentage terms 2.1 21.9 76.1
Factors Influencing Nickel Markets
Above ground supply from scrap .
New mines discovery .
Nickel demand is derived demandthus the situation in the various industries.
Growth in consumption ofStainless steel.
Source :- www.mcxindia.com
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