Characteristics of Lead
Lead is a verycorrosion-resistant, dense, ductile, and malleable blue-gray metal that hasbeen used for at least 5,000 years. Early uses of lead included buildingmaterials, pigments for glazing ceramics, and pipes for transporting water.Today s major use of lead is in lead-acid storage batteries. The electricalsystems of vehicles, ships, and aircraft depend on such batteries for startup,and, in some cases, batteries provide the actual motive power. It is also forsoundproofing in office buildings, schools, and hotels. It is widely used inhospitals to block X-ray and gamma radiation and is employed to shield againstnuclear radiation both in permanent installations and when nuclear material isbeing transported. .
Supply & Demand Scenario
Lead production equalledapproximately 82,000 tonnes in 2004, mostly from secondary sources.
The main constraint in leadproduction in the country is the lack of lead ore reserves, which necessitateslarge-scale imports and recycling.
Lead demand in India wasestimated at 150,000 tonnes for 2004. Due to huge gap in demand-supply, Indiaimported nearly about 50% of its domestic demand.
The major suppliers for theimports were China, the Republic of Korea and Australia: 54%, 15% and 10%respectively.
The domestic industry ischaracterized by the presence of only a few players in the primary segment. Theprimary lead industry in India is divided between the following main players:Binani Industries Limited and Sterlite Industries (India) Ltd. (Hndustan ZincLtd.). Due to increasing use of lead in domestic market both players areexpanding their smelting capacities for lead.
USA, Japan, China, EU and Indiaare the major consumers of Lead
Supply is controlled by Australiaand China.
Lead in the global market istraded as soft lead, animated lead, lead alloys and copper-base scrap.
Factor influencing demand andsupply
Changes in inventory level at LMEwharehouses
Economic growth rate of majorconsuming countries
Global growth and demand in majorconsuming industries
Prices of the alternativemetal(s)
Participation of funds
London Metal Exchange
IST of Global Exchanges (PriceClues from Other Major Global Exchanges)
LME: 5.30 PM to 10.30 PM
Source :- www.mcxindia.com
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